Lyrebirds are endemic to eastern Australia south from latitude 28° south, (between Brisbane and Melbourne) and up to about 100 mi (160 km) inland in some places. Albert's lyrebird occurs only in the northernmost 100 mi (160 km) of this range. Superb lyrebirds were introduced into Tasmania. A lyrebird fossil found at Riversleigh in northwestern Queensland shows that lyrebirds once extended much further north.

With both species, much habitat has been lost through European settlement, but the overall range has changed little in historical times.

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