Copperychested jacamar

Galbula pastazae

TAXONOMY

Galbula pastazae Taczanowski and Berlepsch, 1885. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Jacamar des Andes; German: Kupferglanzvogel; Spanish: Jacamar Cobrizo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

9 in (23 cm) long. Heavier 2 in (51 mm) bill. Metallic green upperparts, dark rufous throat, copper tail, distinctive yellowish orange eye ring.

DISTRIBUTION

Colombia, Ecuador, and Amazonian Brazil.

HABITAT

Lives in the highest forest elevation of all jacamar species.

BEHAVIOR

Alert hunter, similar to other jacamars. Gives a series of three to five loud calls.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Diverse variety of flying insects. Prefers to hunt from one favorite perch, capturing insects as they fly through the air.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Lays one to four white eggs in curved ground-hole nest cavity, so eggs are out of view. Incubation is 20-23 days. Chicks emerge from nest after 21-26 days, covered with white down. Both sexes incubate and care for chicks.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable; thin distribution, low population limited to a few locations, primarily in Colombia and the east slope of the Andes. Threatened by deforestation.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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