Conservation status

The main enemies of adult toucans seem to be raptors, which sometimes catch toucans almost as large as themselves. Of the 41 toucan species, only the yellow-browed toucanet (Aulacorhynchus huallagae) is considered Endangered. The main threat to this Peruvian species is loss of habitat.

Three additional species are considered Near Threatened, however. The saffron toucanet (Baillonius bailloni) of central South America is threatened by habitat destruction, capture for the cage bird industry, and hunting to some degree. Two of the mountain toucans—the plate-billed (Andigena laminirostris) and gray-breasted (Andigena hypoglauca)—are threatened by habitat destruction in the Andes, where they are endemic.

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