Collared crescentchest

Melanopareia torquata

TAXONOMY

Synallaxis torquatus Wied, 1831, Campo Geral of inner Brazil = campos on the Bahia-Minas Gerais border.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Cordon-noir a col roux; German: Zimtbandvogel; Spanish: Gallito de Collar.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.7 in (14.5 cm); 0.56-0.81 oz (16-23 g). Tail is fairly long. Above gray-brown (crown black in bitorquata), nuchal collar rufous, concealed interscapular patch white. Brow white, sides of head black. Throat buff, breast band black, rest of underparts dark reddish brown, palest on lower belly.

DISTRIBUTION

M. t. torquata: Eastern Brazil. M. t. rufescens: Central Brazil and northeastern-most Paraguay. M. t. bitorquata: Eastern Bolivia.

HABITAT Semi-arid scrub.

BEHAVIOR

Alone or in pairs. Runs on the ground and hops in low parts of the vegetation.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Unknown.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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