Muscicapa hirundinacea Temminck, 1822, Java. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Echenilleur veloce; German: Schwarzflügel-raupenschmätzer; Spanish: Minivete de Alas Negras.
6 in (15 cm); 0.4 oz (10 g). Black plumage with dusky white underparts and white rump.
Extreme south Thailand, peninsular Malaysia; Riau and Lingga Archipelagos to Sumatra, Borneo, Java, and Bali.
Canopy of forest, including swamp forest and tall secondary growth; also mangroves, mature plantations, and wooded gardens. Lowlands to 3,600 ft (1,100 m), but to 4,900 ft (1,500 m) in Java and Bali.
Moves around in pairs or small parties; unobtrusive except for its short trilling or twittering calls
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Eats small insects.
In Sumatra, Borneo, and peninsular Malaysia, it breeds January-April and August-November. Monogamous. Nest is a truncated cone with a cup-shaped depression, consisting of lichens, bryophytes, and spider webs and placed on a horizontal branch. Lays two eggs; young are fed by both parents.
Not threatened. Probably locally frequent to common, but was regarded as local and uncommon in Thailand in the 1980s-90s.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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