Neolestes torquatus Cabanis, 1875, Chinchoxo, Loango Coast. Taxonomy controversial, some morphological characters ally Neolestes with bulbuls, some ally it with shrikes (Malaconotidae, Laniidae, or Prionopidae). DNA and behavioral data suggest a closer relationship to bulbuls.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Bulbul a collier noir; German: Ruttelbulbul; Spanish: Bulbul de Collar Negro.
6.3 in (16 cm), 0.7-1 oz (19-27 g). Distinctive, forehead to hindneck gray, black mask continues down neck to form a broad black band across the white breast. Back and tail olive-greenish brown, wings with yellow stripe. Sexes alike. Juvenile resembles adult but duller, crown and neck greenish.
South central Africa, Gabon, Congo, Angola, Zambia, and Zaire. HABITAT
Wooded savanna, grassland. BEHAVIOR
Territorial. Found singly, in pairs, or in small groups of three to four birds, will perch on fence posts. Fluid song of "tji-li-li" and "dee-de-de-de-de." Resident.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mainly eats insects and fruit, often foraging in tall grasses.
Solitary nester with some distance between territories (out of range of song). Two eggs laid in untidy nest; young fed by both parents, mainly fruit. Feigns injury to distract predators from nest.
Not threatened. Locally common, though distribution spotty.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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