Hypsipetes madagascariensis Gmelin, 1789. Four races recognized based on plumage variation.
English: Madagascar bulbul, Madagascar black bulbul, Comoro bulbul, Comoro black bulbul; French: Bulbul malgache, Bulbul des Comores; German: Madagaskarfluchtvogel, RotschnabelFluchtvogel; Spanish: Bulbul Negro.
7.8 in (20 cm). Black, with slight crest and forked tail. Bright red legs and feet. Some races have white head, western races have grayer plumage. Sexes alike. Juvenile has less prominent crest, whitish throat and grayish brown plumage.
Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, southern China, Taiwan, Hainan, Myanmar, and Indochina.
Tall forest, shade trees in plantations.
Gregarious, very noisy, will gather in flocks of several hundred birds. Has a variety of loud screeching, mewing notes, also repeated "pa-chit-chit" or "pip-per-tree." Flight is strong and swift. One of the few migrating bulbuls, resident in some areas, also moves altitudinally.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Mainly eats insects, also berries. Forages mainly in treetops, moving restlessly from tree to tree.
Breeds March through September, nest built high in forest trees.
Not threatened. Locally common.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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