Anthus berthelotii Bolle, 1862, Canary Islands. Two subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Pipit de Berthelot; German: Kanarenpieper; Spanish: Bisbita caminero.
5.5 in (14 cm); 0.6 oz (16-17 g). Brownish-gray upperparts with white brow stripe. Underparts buff-gray with dark streaks.
A. b. berthelotii: Canary Islands and Ilhas Selvagens; Anthus b. madeirensis: Madeira.
Mostly island habitats; prefers dry, open areas (including rocky plains and slopes) with bushes, grass, and herbaceous vegetation; also open grasslands, cultivation, vine-clad slopes, dunes, areas of volcanic rock, and open pine forests.
Territorial, possibly throughout the year, but forms small groups in winter. Often very tame. Runs rapidly; jumps nimbly over boulders. Sedentary; not recorded outside island breeding range.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Eats insects and seeds. Forages on the ground, climbing over small plants.
Monogamous; breeds January through August. Nest is a cup of stems, lined hair, wool and feathers; on ground under low plant, bushes or stone; female builds. Lays two to five eggs. Possibly double-brooded.
Not threatened. Locally common throughout most islands where it occurs, but has declined on Gran Canaria.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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