Mirafra javanica Horsfield, 1821, Java. OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Singing bushlark; French: Alouette de Java; German: Horsfieldlerche; Spanish: Alondra de Australiana.
4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm); 0.7 oz (20 g). Plumage inconspicuous other than rufous wing patch, sexes alike.
Myanmar, southern and central Thailand, Indochina, Philippine Islands, Kalimantan, Java, Bali, Lesser Sunda Islands, local in New Guinea, northwestern, northern, eastern, and southeastern Australia.
Open grassland with scattered bushes, salty marshes, and edges of cultivated fields.
Perches on trees and wires. Song includes imitations of other birds; song-flight takes up to 40 minutes. Forms small groups outside breeding period. Migratory in southern Australia.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on seeds and arthropods.
Monogamous. Builds domed nests in shelter of tussocks; in southern Australia, lays two to four eggs November through January.
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦
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