Yelloweared spiderhunter

Arachnothera chrysogenys

SUBFAMILY

Arachnotherinae

TAXONOMY

Nectarinia chrysogenys Temminck, 1826, Bantam District, Java. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Lesser yellow-eared spiderhunter; French: Arach-nothere a joues jaunes; German: Gelbwangen-Spinnenjäger: Spanish: Arañera de Orejas Amarillas Menor.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

7 in (17.8 cm). Long-billed bird with greenish head fading to brown upperparts and yellow underparts. Yellow ear patch and ring around eye.

DISTRIBUTION

A. c. chrysogenys: southern Myanmar, southern Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, western Borneo, Java, and Sumatra; A. c. harris-soni: eastern Borneo.

HABITAT

Tops of trees in primary forest, secondary forests, plantations, villages, and gardens. Found up to 5,900 ft (1,800 m).

BEHAVIOR

Forages singly or in pairs. Sometimes hovers and also hangs upside-down when feeding.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on nectar, pollen, seeds, small fruits, insects, and spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is a neatly woven structure of vegetable matter sewn under banana leaf or palm frond, sometimes with long entrance tunnel. Inner cup, where eggs laid, made of finer material than rest of nest. Clutch two white eggs with black lines and speckles laid February to September.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Scarce, but not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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