Yellowbellied tit

Parus venustulus

SUBFAMILY

Parinae

TAXONOMY

Parus venustulus Swinhoe, 1870. Monotypic.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Mésange gracieuse; German: Schmuckmeise; Spanish: Carbonero de Vientre Amarillo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4 in (10 cm); 0.3-0.45 oz (9-12.5 g); plumage like that of the 'spot-winged' tits, with yellow breast and gray-blue mantle; sexually dichromatic.

DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to central and eastern China. HABITAT

A wide range of forest and woodland types, predominantly in mountainous areas, and around human habitation and cultivated land where trees are present.

BEHAVIOR

Typically resident, but known to be migratory in parts of range. Little known about territoriality, but does join mixed-species flocks outside of the breeding season. Song is simple.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Little known about foraging behavior, but diet largely invertebrates with some fruits taken. Makes stores of food.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nests in natural cavities, but does not excavate own hole. Eggs laid between May and June and clutch size is five to seven eggs. The incubation period is 12 days and the young fledge 16-17 days after hatching.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. With the exception of the great tit, this is probably the most widespread of all the southern Asiatic species.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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