Yellowbellied fantail

Rhipidura hypoxantha

TAXONOMY

Rhipidura hypoxantha Blyth, 1843, Darjeeling, India. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Yellow-bellied fantail flycatcher; French: Rhipidure a ventre jaune; German: Goldbauch-Fächerschwanz; Spanish: Cola de Abanico de Vientre Amarillo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4.5-4.9 in (11.5-12.5 cm); 0.2 oz (5-6 g). Yellow forehead, brow, and underparts; upperparts are olive-gray. Black mask and long, white-tipped gray tail. Female's mask is dark olive in color.

DISTRIBUTION

Northern India, southeastern Tibet, southwestern China, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, northern Bangladesh, northern Myanmar, northern Thailand, and northern Vietnam. Occurs at 4,950-12,210 ft (1,500-3,700 m), locally down to 594 ft (180 m) in winter.

HABITAT

Can be found in various kinds of forest and secondary jungle but prefers moist evergreen forest. In the breeding season, occurs mostly in mixed coniferous and birch or rhododendron forests.

BEHAVIOR

This is a very active and restless bird. It is constantly in motion, flicking its wings and fanning its tail. While foraging, it continually utters a high, thin "sip sip."

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on small flying insects caught in the air. Often found in mixed-species feeding flocks.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Breeds in Apr.-Jul. The nest is a compact deep cup, attached to the upperside of a branch, 10-20 ft (3-6 m) above ground. The clutch consists of three cream to pinkish-cream eggs with tiny dark reddish speckles, which usually form a ring around the larger end.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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