Whitenaped tit

Parus nuchalis

SUBFAMILY

Parinae

TAXONOMY

Parus nuchalis Jerdon, 1845. Monotypic. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: White-winged tit, white-naped black tit, collared tit; French: Mésange à ailes blanches; German: Weissflugelmeise; Spanish: Carbonero de Nuca Blanca.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4.75 in (12 cm); 0.45-0.5 oz (13-14.5 g); contrasting patterns of black and white throughout except for pale yellow under-parts.

DISTRIBUTION

Endemic to India with small, fragmented populations in the northwest and south of the country.

HABITAT

Occurs in lowland dry thorn-scrub forests in northwest India up to 1,969 ft (600 m), as well as dry to moist deciduous woodlands in south India. Also found in gardens, along stream-beds and around irrigated croplands.

BEHAVIOR

Resident, but makes local movements. Little known about territoriality, but will join mixed-species flocks. Song is a repeated monosyllabic call, but a variety of other calls are made.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages throughout the canopy and shrub layer, with diet comprising insects and spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Poorly known. Nests in tree cavities, typically those made by woodpeckers. Clutch size, incubation, and brooding behavior not known. Timing of breeding is during the monsoons: May-August.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable. The population is highly fragmented and declining, and is estimated to be 2,500-10,000 pairs. Most serious threat is continued degradation, loss, and fragmentation of thorn forest habitat.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

0 0

Post a comment