Tawnyflanked prinia

Prinia subflava

SUBFAMILY

Sylviinae

TAXONOMY

Motacilla subflava Gmelin, 1789. Subspecies inornata Sykes, 1832.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Plain prinia; French: Prinia modeste; German: Braunkopfprinie; Spanish: Prinia de Dorsos Castaños.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.1-5.5 in (13-14 cm); 0.3-0.4 oz (7-11.5 g). Mmedium to large warbler with short rounded wings and a fairly long, graduated tail. Upperparts uniformly rufous-brown to gray-brown, underparts whitish. Short whitish eye line. Legs long, bill relatively short, slightly decurved.

DISTRIBUTION

Sub-Saharan Africa, southern Asia, from Indian subcontinent to China, Taiwan, most of mainland Southeast Asia.

HABITAT

Lowlands; grassland and savanna, wetlands, mangroves, scrub, forest clearings and edges.

BEHAVIOR

Active, vocal and conspicuous. Often in pairs or family groups. Males territorial, defending year-round by singing. Apparently sedentary, but movement may occur in parts of range during dry season. Duetting occasionally occurs.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Forages in vegetation, gleaning insects and sometimes taking nectar.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is an oval of woven grasses with a side-top entrance. Two to five eggs are incubated for 13-14 days. Young, fed by both parents, fledge after 13-17 days, but remain with parents 2-3 weeks.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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