Sturnidae

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Sturnidae

Thumbnail description

Somewhat stocky, small to medium-sized birds, short-winged, short-tailed, stout-legged, with straight bill. Many are black or dark; some have much white or color, many have iridescent plumage; many have colorful bare facial skin or wattles; some are crested

Size

Number of genera, species

25-32 genera, 104-118 species

Habitat

Barren semi-desert to grassland, to dry and moist, evergreen and deciduous forest; agricultural and urban areas

Conservation status

Extinct: 5 species; Critically Endangered: 2 species; Endangered: 2 species; Vulnerable: 5 species; Near Threatened: 8 species; Data Deficient: 1 species

Distribution

Naturally distributed through Eurasia and Africa with one genus reaching Australia; center of diversity is in the Old World tropics. As a result of introductions, there are now breeding sturnids on all continents, except South America and Antarctica and on many oceanic islands

Distribution

Naturally distributed through Eurasia and Africa with one genus reaching Australia; center of diversity is in the Old World tropics. As a result of introductions, there are now breeding sturnids on all continents, except South America and Antarctica and on many oceanic islands

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