Sri Lanka myna

Gracula ptilogenys subfamily

Sturninae taxonomy

Gracula ptilogenys Blyth, 1846. other common names

English: Ceylon myna, Sri Lanka hill myna, grackle; French: Mainate de Ceylan; German: Dschungelatzel; Spanish: Maina de Ceilon.

physical characteristics

9.1-9.8 in (23-25 cm). A small, stubby black myna with a white stripe through the primaries, orange bill that is dark at the base, yellow legs, and a bare yellow nape wattle.


Sri Lanka lowlands to 6,300 ft (1,920 m). habitat

Moist forest; also, cultivated areas with trees. behavior

Gregarious and arboreal, rarely coming to the ground; typically found in pairs in colonies; wings produce a loud humming sound in flight; an excellent mimic of the human voice.

feeding ecology and diet

Diet mainly fruit, especially figs, and seeds.

reproductive biology

Cavity nester, nesting February-May and sometimes in August-September. Cavities sometimes used without nest materials, but a nest of grasses and other materials is usual. Clutch normally includes two Prussian-blue eggs mottled with reddish brown. No information available on parental care.

conservation status

Near Threatened.

significance to humans Nestlings often taken for the pet trade. ♦

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