Slatycapped shrikevireo

Vireolanius leucotis

TAXONOMY

Vireolanius leucotis Swainson, 1838. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Smaragdan oreillard; German: Scieferkopfvireo; Spanish: Follajero de Capa Oscura.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

About 5.5 in (14 cm). The body is relatively heavy, the head large, and the beak stout. The back is olive green, the chest and belly are yellow, the top of the head and cheeks gray, with a broad yellow stripe over the eye.

DISTRIBUTION

Widespread in northern South America, including parts of Colombia, Ecuador, southern Venezuela, the Guianas, much of Amazonian Brazil, northern Bolivia, and eastern Peru.

HABITAT

Humid tropical forest, as high as about 6,250 ft (1,800 m). BEHAVIOR

A nonmigratory species that defends a breeding territory. The song is a loud, repeated, simple phrase.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on insects and other invertebrates gleaned from foliage, flowers, and limbs.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Builds a cup-shaped nest that hangs from a forked tree branch. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the young.

CONSERVATION STATUS Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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