Scarletbreasted flowerpecker

Prionochilus thoracicus

TAXONOMY

Pardalotus thoracicus Temminck and Laugier, 1836, Borneo. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Dicée a poitrine écarlate; German: RubinkehlMistelfresser; Spanish: Pica Flor de Pecho Carmín.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4 in (10.2 cm); 0.32 oz (9 g). Dark brown head, wings, and tail with red patch on throat and crown. Back and rump yellow.

DISTRIBUTION

South Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra. HABITAT

Beaches at sea level up to 4,200 ft (1,280 m) in secondary forest, at forest edge, in rubber plantations, heath forest, and swamp forest.

BEHAVIOR

Varied calls include clicks and high-pitched sequence of notes sounding like an insect. Feeds at all heights, sometimes on tree trunks.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Takes spiders from their webs, insects, and berries.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Builds nest in low bush, breeds January-March and July-October.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Uncommon and listed as Near Threatened. Continuing loss of primary forest is the main threat but species can find refuges in montane and secondary forests.

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