Rufousnaped whistler

Aleadryas rufinucha

SUBFAMILY

Pachycephalinae

TAXONOMY

Pachycephala rufinucha Sclater, 1874, New Guinea, mountains of Vogelkop. Five subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Siffleur à nuque rousse; German: Rotnacken-Dickkopf; Spanish: Chiflador de Nuca Rufa.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

6.5-7 in (16.5-18 cm); 0.03-0.09 lb (37.5-42.5 g). Gray crown with rufous nape, yellow throat, and olive-brown upperparts.

DISTRIBUTION

New Guinea from 3,960 to 11,880 ft (1,200 to 3,600 m), mainly 4,600-8,500 ft (1,400-2,600 m); A. r. rufinucha: northwest New Guinea; A. r. niveifrons: west and central New Guinea; A. r. gamblei: southeast New Guinea; A. r. prasinonota: Herzog Mountains, northeast New Guinea; A. r. lochmia: Huon Peninsula, northeast New Guinea.

HABITAT

Mountain forest and secondary growth.

BEHAVIOR

Sedentary. Spends most of its time on the ground or in low vegetation, sometimes moving to higher elevations in the forest.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Eats mainly insects and small invertebrates, also fruit.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Two white eggs with dark markings laid in a deep cup nest of moss, ferns, and rootlets, usually placed low in a sapling, sometimes in a higher site.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Moderately common but relatively secretive.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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