Beehler, B. M., T. K. Pratt, and D. A. Zimmerman. Birds of New Guinea. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

BirdLife International. Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona and Cambridge: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 2000.

Cheke, R. A., C. F. Mann, and R. Allen. Sunbirds: A Guide to the Sunbirds, Flowerpeckers, Spiderhunters, and Sugarbirds of the World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Rand, A. L., and E. T. Gilliard. Handbook of New Guinea Birds. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1967.

Sibley, C. G., and B. L. Monroe. Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Robert Alexander Cheke, PhD

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Pardalotidae

Thumbnail description

Small, short-tailed, dumpy birds with short, scoop-shaped bills


Number of genera, species

1 genus; 8 species


Eucalypt forest and woodland

Conservation status

Endangered: 1 species

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