Bent, A.C. Life Histories of North American Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows, and Allies; Order Passeriformes: Family Fringillidae. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 1968.

BirdLife International. Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 2000.

Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis. Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Newton, I. The Finches. Glasgow: William Collins Sons and Co., Ltd., 1972.

Perrins, C.M., and A.L.A. Middleton, eds. "Fringilline finches." In The Encyclopedia of Birds. New York: Facts on File, 1985.


Berger, Cynthia. "Superflight." National Wildlife (December-January 1998).

Middleton, A.L.A. "The Annual Cycle of the American Goldfinch." Condor 80 (1978): 401-406.


BirdLife International. Wellbrook Court, Girton Road, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB3 0NA United Kingdom. Phone: +44 1 223 277 318. Fax: +44-1-223-277-200. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <http://www>

Department of Ecology and Environmental Biology, Cornell University. E145 Corson Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-2701 USA. Phone: (607) 254-4201. Web site: < .edu/winkler/botw/fringillidae.html>

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University. 310 Dinwiddie Hall, New Orleans, LA 701185698 USA. Phone: (504) 865-5191. Web site: <www.tulane .edu/eeob/Courses/Heins/Evolution/lecture17.html>

IUCN-The World Conservation Union. Rue Mauverney 28, Gland, 1196 Switzerland. Phone: +41-22-999-0001. Fax: +41-22-999-0025. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

Bill Freedman, PhD Brian Douglas Hoyle, PhD

0 0

Post a comment