Christidis, L., and W. E. Boles. The Taxonomy and Species of Birds of Australia and its Territories. Hawthorn East: Royal Australasian Ornithologists' Union, Monograph 2, 1994.

Longmore, W. Honeyeaters and Their Allies. North Ryde, NSW: HarperCollins, 1991.

Pizzy, G., and F. Knight. The Graham Pizzy & Frank Knight Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. Sydney: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997.

Schodde, R., and I. J. Mason. The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines. Canberra: CSIRO Wildlife and Ecology, 1999.

Simpson, K., and N. Day. Birds of Australia. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

William E. Davis, Jr

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Nectariniidae

Thumbnail description

Small passerines, often brightly colored with iridescent plumage, and short, almost straight, to long and markedly decurved, bills; vocal, singing chattering songs, and often calling between feeds


Number of genera, species

16 genera; 130 species


Forest, woodlands, savanna, mountains, scrubland, coastal zones, and gardens

Conservation status

Endangered: 2 species; Vulnerable: 4 species; Near Threatened: 8 species

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