Bent, A.C. Life Histories of North American Wagtails, Shrikes, Vireos, and Their Allies. New York: Dover Publications, 1965.

BirdLife International. Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 2000.

Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. The Birds of South America. Vol. 1. The Oscine Passerines. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.


Greenberg, R., D. K Niven, S. L. Hopp, and C. A. Boone. "Frugivory and Coexistence in a Resident and Migratory Vireo on the Yucatan Peninsula." Condor 95, no. 4 (1993): 990-999.

Hopp, S. L., C. A. Boone, and A. Kirby. "Banding Returns, Arrival Pattern and Site Fidelity of White-Eyed Vireos." Wilson Bulletin 111 (1999): 46-55.


BirdLife International. Wellbrook Court, Girton Road, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB3 0NA United Kingdom. Phone: +44 1 223 277 318. Fax: +44-1-223-277-200. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

IUCN-The World Conservation Union. Rue Mauverney 28, Gland, 1196 Switzerland. Phone: +41-22-999-0001. Fax: +41-22-999-0025. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>


The Vireo Homepage. 2002.


Bill Freedman, PhD Melissa Knopper, MS

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