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Higgins, P.J. and J.M. Peter, eds. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Vol. 6. Pardalotes to Figbird. Melbourne: Oxford University Press (in preparation).

Schodde, R. and I.J. Mason. The Directory of Australian Birds. Passerines. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing, 1999.


Beck, J. and K. Chan. "Habitat Preference of Grey Fantails Rhipidura fuliginosa Wintering in Central Queensland." Sunbird 29 (1999): 41-51.

Major, R.E., G. Gowing, G. and C.E. Kendal. "Nest Predation in Australian Urban Environments and the Role of the Pied

Currawong, Strepera graculina." Australian Journal of Ecology 21 (1996): 399-409.

Reis, K.R and R.S. Kennedy. "Review of the Montane Bird Species from Mindanao, Philippines: Part 1—Black-and-Cinnamon Fantail, Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea." Bulletin of the British Ornithologist's Club 119 (1999): 103-109.

Webb-Pullman, B.Z., and M.A. Elgar. "The Influence of Time of Day and Environmental Conditions on the Foraging Behaviours of Willie Wagtails, Rhipidura leucophrys." Australian Journal of Zoology 46 (1998): 137-144.


Birds Australia. 415 Riversdale Road, Hawthorn East, Victoria 3123 Australia. Phone: +61 3 9882 2622. Fax: +61 3 9882 2677. E-mail: [email protected] Web site: <>

Walter E. Boles, PhD

Monarch flycatchers


Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Monarchidae

Thumbnail description

Small to medium size insectivorous songbirds Size

5-21 in (13-53 cm).

Number of genera, species

17 genera; 96 species


Forest and open woodland

Critically Endangered: 5 species; Endangered: 6; Vulnerable: 9 species; Near Threatened: 14 species; Extinct: 2 species

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Tropical Old World from sub-Saharan Africa to Indonesia

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