Reproductive biology

The reproductive behavior of flowerpeckers is little known and the eggs of some species have yet to be described. The mistletoebird is territorial, with males chasing intruders in weaving flights over their boundaries. For courtship, they flit around a female, calling and fanning their tails. Both sexes of most flowerpeckers are involved in building nests, incubation, and feeding of the young. Nests are neat purse-shaped bags with slit entrances near the tops and are suspended from bushes or trees. They are made of vegetable material, lichen, dried flowers, feathers, small roots, or grass, held together with cobwebs, and lined with vegetable down. Some nests are decorated with insect excreta or other debris. Most eggs are white, but those of a few species are spotted. The usual clutch is two but may be up to four. Nests of berrypeckers are cup-shaped and placed

A pair of Arfak berrypeckers (Oreocharis arfaki) share a perch. (Photo by W. Peckover/VIREO. Reproduced by permission.)

in thick shrubbery. Only one egg is laid in the nests of Paramythia montium.

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