Reproductive biology

Old World flycatchers are highly territorial during their breeding season, defending a nesting area from others of their species. They do this by proclaiming their territory by frequent renditions of a song, and if this is not sufficient they will fight with intruders. They build a cup-shaped nest of grass, bark, and other plant fibers. The nest is generally placed in the fork of a branch, on a ledge of a bank, or in a cavity in a tree, stump, or cliff. They lay two to seven spotted or mottled eggs. In some species both parents participate in building the nest and incubating the eggs, while in others only the female does this. The incubation period ranges from about 12-22 days. Both parents care for the nestlings and fledglings. In some species, particularly of African flycatchers, immature birds of previous nestings will help their parents raise a new clutch of siblings.

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