Plain flowerpecker

Dicaeum concolor

TAXONOMY

Dicaeum concolor Jerdon, 1840, Malabar coast, India. Seven subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Dicée concolore; German: Einfarbmistelfresser; Spanish: Pica Flor Descolorido.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

3.3 in (8.4 cm); 0.14-0.28 oz (4-8 g). Drab in appearance with buff breast and belly and darker upperparts.

DISTRIBUTION

D. c. borneanum: Malaysia, Borneo, and Sumatra; D. c. concolor: southwest India; D. c. minullum: Hainan Island; D. c. olivaceum: India, Myanmar, China, Thailand, northern Malaysia; D. c. sol-licitans: Bali and Java; D. c. uchidai: Taiwan; D. c. virescens: Middle and southern Andaman Islands.

HABITAT

Forests, secondary growth, open areas, and plantations, from sea-level to 11,800 ft (3,600 m).

BEHAVIOR

Restless, usually seen singly in treetops, but also forages down low.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Heavily dependent on mistletoes for berries and nectar, but also eats insects and spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is a small purse of down and fibers suspended 3.3-39 ft (1-12 m) up in a tree, bush, or low growth, in which are laid two or three white eggs from January-September. Male and female are involved in nest-building, incubation, and rearing of young.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Common in most of its range.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS Spreads mistletoes. ♦

BEHAVIOR

Restless. Frequents treetops.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Fruits, sometimes eaten whole, and spiders.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Two or three white eggs are laid November-December, in pear-shaped nests made of strips of ferns and animal hair suspended from low tree.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Common, not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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