Pinkbilled parrotfinch

Erythrura kleinschmidti

SUBFAMILY

Erythrurinae

TAXONOMY

Amblynura kleinschmidti Finsch, 1878. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Black-faced parrotfinch; French: Diamant a bec rose; German: Schwarzstirn-papageiamadine; Spanish: Pinzón Loro de Pico Rojo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4.3 in (11 cm). Sexes alike. Unusually shaped bill. They have a strikingly pale 1.5 cm bill. Black head color changing to blue. At the base of the bill the black is replaced by yellow-green up to the ear. The back is green, the upper tail coverts are red and the tail is black. They have pale feet and dark eyes. Juveniles have a dark-tipped bill.

DISTRIBUTION

Found only on Viti Levu, Fiji.

HABITAT

Found in mature rainforests and sometimes in cocoa plantations.

BEHAVIOR

Found alone, in pairs, or in small family flocks, but may join mixed-species flocks when feeding. The call is a "tsee-tsee" or "chee-chee-chee." A formal song is not described but this species also utters a clicking sound.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feeds on the ground and in trees on figs and other fruit, flower buds, and on diverse invertebrates. The unusually shaped bill is probably an adaptation for its insect-seeking methods whereby it cracks open dead stems of tree-ferns.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nests are made of bamboo, leaves, and small twigs and lichens.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered. The replacing of native trees in Fiji with those of non-native conifers for forestry is thought to be a major factor in the decline of this species.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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