Orangecrowned wren

Clytomyias insignis

TAXONOMY

Clytomyias insignis Sharp, 1879, Arfak Mountains, New Guinea. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Orange-crowned fairy wren; French: Mérion à tête rousse; German: Rotkopf-Staffelschwanz; Spanish: Ratona Australiana Rufa.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Female 0.42-0.49 oz (12-14 g), male 0.35-0.49 oz (10-14 g). Cock-tailed fairy-wren with orange crown, buffy orange below and orange/olive above.

DISTRIBUTION

Found at 6,560-9,840 ft (2,000-3,000 m) along both flanks of the central cordillera of New Guinea. C. i. insignis occurs as an isolated population in far northwestern Irian Jaya.

HABITAT

Mountain rainforest, usually in thickets of vine and climbing bamboo, along tracks and in small clearings made by tree fall.

BEHAVIOR

Rarely flies, and moves in groups through dense foliage with tail half-cocked and partly spread. Does not join mixed-species foraging flocks. Groups remain in same area throughout year. Voice a high-pitched twitter.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Gleans underside of leaves for invertebrates.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY Breeding biology is virtually unknown.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened but deforestation a potential threat.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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