Olivebacked oriole

Oriolus sagittatus taxonomy

Coracias sagittata Latham, 1802, "Nova Wallia Australi" = central coast, New South Wales, Australia.

other common names

English: Green oriole, white-bellied oriole; French: Loriot sagittal; German: Streifenpirol; Spanish: Oropéndola de Lomo Olivo.

physical characteristics

10.2-11 in (26-28 cm); 3.5-3.8 oz (90-105 gm), both sexes. Plain olive upperparts; wings and tail dark gray with white edging. Whitish underparts with dark steaks. Eyes red.

distribution

Coastal and subcoastal northern and eastern Australia up to about 500 mi (800 km) inland, between Kimberley Division and Victoria, also dry south New Guinea.

habitat

Open eucalypt forest and tall woodland; also paperbark (Melaleuca) woodland in north Australia and New Guinea.

behavior

Solitary in forest/woodland canopy, pairing only to breed. Gives low carrying glottal warble from set perches throughout year, and incessantly, with mimicry, when breeding. Widely nomadic after breeding.

feeding ecology and diet

Forages opportunistically on small soft fruits in trees and tall shrubs and on insects such as leaf beetles, mantids, ants, and caterpillars; mostly captures prey while quietly hopping and gleaning upper and outer branches of trees.

reproductive biology

Monogamous; female builds nest (about 14 days) and incubates (17-18 days), but both sexes feed young, fledging them in 15-27 days.

conservation status

No populations under significant threat anywhere.

significance to humans None known. ♦

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