Midget flowerpecker

Dicaeum aeneum

TAXONOMY

Dicaeum aeneum Pucheran, 1853, San Jorge, Solomon Islands. Three subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Solomons flowerpecker; French: Dicee des Salomon; German: Bronzemistelfresser; Spanish: Pica Flor de la Isla Salomon.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

2.2 in (5.6 cm); 0.25-0.31 oz (7.1-8.8 g). Grayish upperparts with white throat patch, scarlet breast patch and yellow-green flanks.

DISTRIBUTION

D. a. aeneum: Bougainville, Choiseul, and Ysabel in northern Solomon Islands; D. a. becki: Florida and Guadacanal; D. a. malaitae: Malaita Island.

HABITAT

All habitats in the Solomon Islands, up to 1,640 ft (500 m).

Dicaeum geelvinkianum I Resident

BEHAVIOR

Bobs head up and down when lands on perch, after rapid flight. Usually alone or in pairs.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Occasionally hovers to feed. Eats fruits and insects.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is pear-shaped with a rounded base and side entrance, made of vegetable matter including grass, suspended low down in a bush. Male and female are involved in feeding young and taking away fecal sacs.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Common, not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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