Lemonchested greenlet

Hylophilus thoracicus

TAXONOMY

Hylophilus thoracicus Temminck, 1822. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Rio de Janeiro greenlet; French: Viréon a plastron; German: Gelbbrustvireo; Spanish: Vireillo de Pecho Limón.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

About 5 in (13 cm). A slim-bodied bird with a short, pointed beak. The upperparts are uniformly olive-green, the chest yellow, the belly and chin light gray, and the iris white.

DISTRIBUTION

Northern South America, southeastern Venezuela and Colombia, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and southeastern and Amazonian Brazil.

HABITAT

Humid tropical forest and forest edges, as high as about 2,000 ft (600 m).

BEHAVIOR

A nonmigratory species that defends a breeding territory. The song is a series of rapid, rolling "peeer" phrases.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

An extremely active forager for insects and other invertebrates, gleaned from foliage, flowers, and limbs; also eats small fruits. Occurs in mixed-species foraging flocks.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Builds a cup-shaped nest that hangs from a forked tree branch. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the young.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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