Habitat

All species depend on closed humid forest over much of their geographical range, and rainforests and/or moss forests are the most typical habitats of the family as a whole. Associated rainforest edges, wet sclerophyll (Australian vegetation with hard, short, and often spiky leaves) forests and woodlands, gardens, savanna, and subalpine woodlands are also used. Only paradise riflebirds range southward across the Tropic of Capricorn to about 32° South within the subtrop-ics. Glossy-mantled manucodes (Manucodia atra) are exceptional in inhabiting relatively dry open savanna woodlands in addition to lowland rainforests.

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