Graysided flowerpecker

Dicaeum celebicum

TAXONOMY

Dicaeum celebicum S. Müller, 1843, Celebes. Five subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Black-sided flowerpecker; French: Dicee des Celebes; German: Schwarzwangen-Mistelfresser; Spanish: Pica Flor de Dorso Negro.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

2.4 in (6 cm). Blue-black crown and upperparts with scarlet throat and breast, grayish sides and pale vents.

DISTRIBUTION

D. c. celebicum: Bangka, Butung, Lembeh, Manadotua, Muna, Sulawesi, and Togian; D. c. kuehni: the Archipelago of Tukangbesi; D. c. sanghirense: Sangihe; D. c. sulaense: Banggai and Sula; D. c. talautense: Talaud.

HABITAT

Varied environments including forests, forest edges, scrub, cultivations, gardens, and villages from sea level to 3,300 ft (1,000 m).

BEHAVIOR

Holds itself upright and shakes wings before swallowing fruit. Calls are high-pitched repetitions of unmusical notes and a series of chirps in flight.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Swallows small fruits of mistletoes and cherries whole, but larger ones are pierced and the contents squeezed out. Also takes insects, spiders, nectar, and pollen.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Three white eggs are laid in a nest shaped like a purse with a slit entrance near the top, sometimes with an overhanging porch. Made of vegetable down, grass, twigs, leaves, and cobwebs, the nest is suspended low in a tree.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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