Firecapped tit

Cephalopyrus flammiceps

TAXONOMY

Cephalopyrus flammiceps Burton, 1836. Two subspecies. OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Remiz tete-de-feu; German: Flammenstirnchen; Spanish: Baloncito de Capa en Llamas.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

4 in (100 mm); 0.25 oz (7 g). A small short-tailed tit. Sexes similar out of breeding season, olive-green above and olive-yellow below. Breeding male has distinctive orange red forecrown (the "fire cap"), chin, and throat. Juveniles dull, but similar to adults.

DISTRIBUTION

Himalayas and parts of Western China. Northern India and northern parts of southeast Asia outside breeding season.

HABITAT

Moist, temperate woodland and forest.

BEHAVIOR

Active and agile bird that forages in single species or mixed flocks in the tree canopy.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Invertebrates plus flower and leaf buds.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nests April to June in holes in trees. Clutch of three to five blue-green eggs; incubation and fledging periods not known.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Scarce over much of its breeding and wintering range.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

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