Feeding ecology and diet

Tits are arboreal species, foraging predominantly in the canopies of trees and scrub, and in the shrub layer. However, for some species, ground-foraging is also important. All tits eat a wide variety of invertebrates. Many also eat seeds, nuts, and fruit, especially outside of the breeding season, and some will take nectar. Food storage is a very important behavior for many of the northern species of black- and brown-capped, spot-winged, crested, and American tufted tits; both insects and seeds are stored. Some species may remember precise locations of stores while others store food in a scattered way and relocate it by chance. Some species are able to enter a state of regulated hypothermia overnight to conserve energy.

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