Eurasian treecreeper

Certhia familiaris

TAXONOMY

Certhia familiaris Linnaeus, 1758. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Northern, common treecreeper; French: Grimpereau des bois; German: Waldbaumläufer; Spanish: Agateador Norteño.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Length 5 in (12.5 cm). Upperparts brown, spotted and streaked with white or buff, rufous rump; underparts white to buff.

DISTRIBUTION

Widespread in Europe, Central Asia, and Asia. HABITAT

Forest and woodland.

BEHAVIOR

Roost singly, in pairs, or sometimes in small groups during the nonbreeding season.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Spiders, insects, and other small invertebrates.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest behind loose bark or in crevice; will also use dead leaves and heavy vegetation to hide nest. Three to five eggs, eggs white with pink or reddish spots.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened. Common and widespread.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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