Of the seven species, five are found in the Himalayas or mountainous parts of western China. The most widespread species is the long-tailed tit, with a range through western Europe and Asia, as far eastward as China and Japan. The most restricted species is the pygmy tit, which is endemic to Java. The only New World representative of the group is the bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus), found in western North America and Mexico.

A long-tailed titmouse (Aegithalos caudatus) clings to a branch. (Photo by B. Gadsby/VIREO. Reproduced by permission.)
A long-tailed titmouse nest. (Illustration by Jonathan Higgins)
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