Chats occur throughout Australia, with the exception of the forested north and east coasts, and southwestern Tasmania. Orange (Epthianura aurifrons) and crimson (E. tricolor) chats are found throughout the center from the west coast to the western slopes of the Great Dividing Range and from the south coast to the tropics. However, in the moister parts of this range, they are irregular visitors. The white-fronted chat is found across southern Australia and is the only chat in Tasmania. The stony deserts of central Australia are where gib-berbirds are found.

Yellow chats display one of the most scattered distributions of any bird species. One subspecies (macgregori) is restricted to a tiny range near the Fitzroy River on the central Queensland coast. A second subspecies (tunneyi) is found only in western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory. The dominate subspecies occurs in isolated populations scattered across the Kimberley region of western Australia, across Northern Territory, and into western Queensland. Reports in northeastern South Australia may refer to small local populations or vagrants.

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