Dimorphic fantail

Rhipidura brachyrhyncha

TAXONOMY

Rhipidura brachyrhyncha Schlegel, 1871, Arfak Mountains, New Guinea. Two subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Dimorphic rufous fantail; French: Rhipidure dimorphe; German: Zweiphasen-Facherschwanz; Spanish: Cola de Abanico Dimorfo.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.9-6.5 in (15-16.5 cm); 0.3-0.4 oz (8.3-10.7 g). Crown to upper back dark brown, fading to rufous lower back, rump, and wing edges. Underparts buffy gray with either pale or dark un-dertail, depending on color phase. Bill brownish black, feet pale brown.

DISTRIBUTION

R. b. brachyrhyncha: Northwestern New Guinea; R. b. devisi: western, central, and eastern New Guinea. Occurs mainly at 6,600-12,144 ft (2,000-3,680 m), as low as 3,828 (1,160 m) and as high as 12,870 ft (3,900 m).

HABITAT

Lives in mountain forest, particularly stunted moss forest. BEHAVIOR

A tame and inquisitive bird, usually encountered in pairs, sometimes singly. Active.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Obtains most of its food by catching flying insects, although it will also glean items from foliage while hovering. One foraging

technique is to crash through the foliage, catching any flushed insects.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nesting habits undescribed.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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