Crested myna

Acridotheres cristatellus subfamily

Sturninae taxonomy

Gracula cristatella Linnaeus, 1766. Three races recognized. other common names

English: Chinese jungle myna, Chinese crested myna, Chinese starling, tufted myna; French: Martin huppé; German: Haubenmaina; Spanish: Maina China.

physical characteristics

8.7-10.2 in (22-26 cm). Sexes similar; black with an ivory bill, orange eye, and longer feathers forming a crest on the lower forehead; juvenile slightly browner, with less of a crest, and blue eyes.

distribution

Lowlands of south Asia; introduced to Malaya, the Philippines (Luzon, Negros), and Vancouver, British Columbia; A. c. cristatellus, eastern Burma to southeast and central China; A. c. brevipennis, Hainan; A. c. formosanus, Taiwan.

habitat

Open country, farmlands.

Crested Myna

Gracula ptilogenys I Resident

I Resident

behavior

Gregarious, but pair members remain obviously together.

feeding ecology and diet

Very opportunistic and somewhat omnivorous; feeds mainly on the ground by inserting the bill into substrate and opening it to probe; also chases insects flushed from ground; some fruit included in the diet; sometimes associated with cattle; known to scavenge on beaches.

reproductive biology

Colonial or solitary cavity nester that uses woodpecker holes, niches on buildings, bird houses, and similar sites. Clutch of four to seven pale blue or blue-green eggs are incubated about 14 days; chicks fledge at about 21 days.

conservation status Not threatened.

significance to humans Often kept as a cage bird. ♦

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