Conservation status

Many species of honeyeaters have declined due to the clearing of forests and woodlands or to the degradation of their habitat in other ways. Avian malaria, carried by intro duced mosquitoes, contributed to the decline and extinction of the Hawaiian honeyeaters, whereas introduced mammals have affected the stitchbird and to a lesser extent the two other honeyeaters in New Zealand. The brown tree snake Boiga ir-regularis, from Australia has affected the Micronesian hon-eyeater (Myzomela cardinalis) on Guam.

Regent honeyeaters (Xanthomyza phrygia) have become rare in southeastern Australia, but habitat is being protected and replanted and a captive population has been established. Black-eared miners (Manorina melanotis) have hybridized with yellow-throated miners (M. flavigula), and few pure colonies of the former remain. However, release of captured birds into new areas of good habitat has proved successful.

Some of the larger honeyeaters have adapted well to fragmented habitat and to urban and suburban areas. Noisy (M.

melanocephala) and bell miners (M. melanophrys) have become locally abundant and pose a threat to other honeyeaters and insectivores, which they drive out of their colonies.

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