Common tailorbird

Orthotomus sutorius

SUBFAMILY

Sylviinae

TAXONOMY

Orthotomus sutoria Pennant, 1769. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Long-tailed tailorbird; French: Couteriere a longe queue; German: Rotstirn-Schneidervogel.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.1 in (13 cm); 0.2-0.4 oz (6-10 g). Small bird with long, thin, decurved bill. Back olive-green, underparts creamy, nape gray, crown rufous, whitish eyeline. Short, spiky tail often held erect.

DISTRIBUTION

Resident throughout India and Southeast Asia to Java and Indonesia.

HABITAT

Deciduous forest, scrubby clearings, gardens, scrubland, and mangroves.

BEHAVIOR

Solitary or in pairs. Skulking but restless and active. Flicks tail side to side often. Song a loud, two-syllable phrase repeated in series of three to four calls.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Insects and insect larvae, flower nectar. Forages on ground, in low vegetation and in trees.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest is lined with spider silk, soft plant fibers, etc.; sewn by female from the leaves of a broad-leaved plant, usually well hidden. Incubation of 3-5 eggs for 12 days and feeding nestlings done by both parents.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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