Common smoky honeyeater

Melipotes fumigatus

TAXONOMY

Melipotes fumigatus Meyer, 1886, southeast New Guinea. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Common melipotes, smoky honeyeater; French: Méliphage enfumé; German: Aschbrust-Honigfresser; Spanish: Pájaro Azúcar Común.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

8.6 in (22 cm); female 1.9 oz (52 g), male 2.1 oz (58 g). Orange-yellow face skin and ear wattle; blackish brown upperparts. Un-

derparts are dark gray-brown, paler on throat and abdomen. Bill blackish; legs sooty gray.

DISTRIBUTION

Central ranges of New Guinea, and Kumawa, Fakfak, Foya, and Cyclops ranges, at 3,000-13,000 ft (1,000-4,200 m).

HABITAT

Montane rainforest, forest edge, secondary growth, and gardens. BEHAVIOR

Quiet and sluggish for a honeyeater, although sometimes aggressive. Call is a weak, monotonous swit...swit...swit

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Feed mostly on small fruits in mid-story and canopy. Also eat small insects by gleaning and sallying.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Nest August to October. The nest is loose and cup-shaped and made of leaves and moss and is held together with black fibers from a fungus. Females lay one egg. Young are fed on fruit.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS None known. ♦

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