Brownchested jungleflycatcher

Rhinomyias brunneata

SUBFAMILY

Muscicapinae

TAXONOMY

Rhinomyias brunneata Slater, 1897. OTHER COMMON NAMES

English: Brown-chested flycatcher, Chinese olive flycatcher; French: Gobemouche a poitrine brune; German: WeisskehlDschungelschnäpper; Spanish: Papamoscas Selvático de Gargantilla Blanca.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The body length is about 6 in (15 cm). The sexes are colored similarly, with a brown back, wings, and tail, a brown-buff breast, white throat, and tan eye-ring.

DISTRIBUTION

A migratory species that breeds in southeastern China and winters on the Malay Peninsula. It migrates through Thailand and perhaps the Nicobar Islands, and winters in parts of Malaysia and Singapore, and possibly parts of the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

HABITAT

Breeds and winters in dense stands of bamboo and shrubs within subtropical, broadleaf, evergreen forest, and mature second-growth forest. Occurs within an altitudinal range of 2,000-3,900 ft (600-1,200 m).

BEHAVIOR

A migratory species. Pairs of breeding birds defend a territory. The song consists of a series of piping calls.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

Searches from a perch for flying insects in the forest canopy.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Builds a cup-shaped nest in a shallow tree-cavity or at a narrow branch-fork.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable. A rare and declining species because of widespread loss and fragmentation of its critical habitat. Its critical breeding, migratory, and wintering habitats must be identified and protected.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

None known, except for the economic benefits of bird-watching. ♦

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