Bluebilled malimbe

Malimbus nitens subfamily

Ploceinae taxonomy

Ploceus nitens J. E. Gray, 1831, Sierra Leone. other common names

English: Gray's malimbe; French: Malimbe a bec bleu; German: Rotkehlweber; Spanish: Malimbe de Gray.

physical characteristics

5.7-6.7 in (14.5-17.0 cm); female 1.0-1.2 oz (29-36 g), male 1.3-1.7 oz (38-47 g). Black with scarlet throat; female less glossy than male, black tinged with brown, and red less intense. Bill blue-gray, eye red. Juvenile sooty brown with throat and breast dull orange-brown. Eye gray-brown.

distribution

Senegal east to extreme western Uganda, south to Democratic Republic of Congo and northern Angola.

habitat

Lowland forest, oil palms, swamp forest, and mangroves; occasionally dense savanna woodland.

behavior

Usually solitary or in pairs, occasionally groups up to seven birds; regularly joins mixed-species flocks. Very shy except at the nest.

feeding ecology and diet

Mainly insects, also spiders and some fruit. Forages on thin twigs, clusters of dry leaves, and vine tangles, mainly at mid-levels of forest.

reproductive biology

Solitary and monogamous, although sometimes several pairs nest close together. Male courtship, singing and posturing, occurs away from the nest. Nest is ball-shaped, woven from palm strips, rootlets, or fibers, with canopy over entrance placed low at one side; always overhanging water. In Ghana the birds appear to select nest sites close to crocodile dens. Lays one to two eggs during late summer to autumn. Incubation 14 days, fledging 16 days. Female alone incubates, and broods small chicks; both male and female feed young.

conservation status

Not threatened, but will not survive without undisturbed forest habitat.

significance to humans None known. ♦

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