Behavior

The northern species of Old World flycatchers are seasonal migrants, breeding in higher-latitude temperate and subarctic regions and wintering in subtropical and tropical areas. During their migration they travel at night and feed during the day. Species that breed in subtropical and tropical regions are resident there, although some of them may undertake seasonal movements between low- and high-altitude habitats. Most species are non-gregarious, occurring only singly, as pairs, or in small family groups consisting of parents and their immature progeny. The Old World flycatchers are strong and highly maneuverable fliers. Most species feed by sitting on a conspicuous perch until a flying insect is spotted, which is then pursued and caught in an aerial sally. Some species also glean prey from foliage, bark surfaces, or the ground. Some species have a well-developed song used to proclaim and defend their breeding territory, but in others it is relatively monotonous and weak. All species have calls used to communicate with individuals of their species, or to alert all nearby birds of the presence of a potential predator.

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