Australian honeyeaters

(Meliphagidae)

Class Aves Order Passeriformes Suborder Passeri (Oscines) Family Meliphagidae

Thumbnail description

Mostly small, but some tiny and others jay-sized; typically dull greenish, olive, or brown; often seen probing flowers for nectar with decurved bill; typically active, sometimes noisy and aggressive

Size

Number of genera, species

42 genera; 182 species

Habitat

Tropical, subtropical, and temperate rainforests, eucalyptus forest, monsoonal forest, woodlands with eucalyptus, casuarina, native pine, and acacia, semi-arid woodland and scrub, desert shrub-steppe, and coastal and upland heaths; generally absent from grassland; several species are common in parks and gardens

Conservation status

Near Threatened: 1 species, 4 subspecies; Endangered: 2 species; Critically Endangered: 2 species, 1 subspecies; Vulnerable: 5 species; Data Deficient: Many Indonesian species

Distribution

Throughout Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia, Moluccas, and Lesser Sundas; west to Bali, Micronesia, New Caledonia, and New Zealand; through Polynesia to Hawaiian Islands; sugarbirds occur in southern Africa

Distribution

Throughout Australia, New Guinea, Melanesia, Moluccas, and Lesser Sundas; west to Bali, Micronesia, New Caledonia, and New Zealand; through Polynesia to Hawaiian Islands; sugarbirds occur in southern Africa

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