Birdhouse Plans Package

Ross Bird House Plans Package

With Ross Bird House Plan Package you get Over 15 Step-By-Step Bird House Plans. This package contains plans that cover the process from A-Z. From Step-by-Step Instructions to Easy to Understand Guides. Even better, it comes with full graphics, pictures and measurements of the birdhouses, making bird house creation a walk in the park! Comes with Complete blueprint and materials list. Forget expensive Diy bird house plans. No other bird house package in the market has plans as comprehensive and complete as this and that was my intention when I set out to create these plans The Blueprints, materials required are incredibly detailed, leaving nothing to your imagination. Your Skill Level Doesnt Matter! My Customized Bird House Plans, although theyre extremely high quality, were designed so that you could complete the job quickly, inexpensively while getting professional results to boot, Every Time. If youve never created a bird house before, dont worry Its Easy with the help out my bird house plans Illustrations and pictures for reference. The package comes with Full Illustrations and pictures, leaving nothing to the imagination. Just plain clarity for your bird house building pleasure Updated designs and styles. The designs here are totally state of the art, and new too. Read more...

Ross Bird House Plans Package Overview

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Nest boxes are occupied during autumn and winter

The nest boxes you set up should be made of thick wood and placed in shaded sites so that they provide good insulation against both heat and cold and protection for the birds. Many non-migratory birds also use nest boxes to shelter against unpleasant weather and for roosting during autumn and winter. The nest boxes should not be too small or the entrances too narrow, but should be well suited for the birds for which they arc intended. Before setting up nest boxes one should obtain the permission of the landowner. Aluminium or copper nails should be used to sccurc the nest box as normal nails create a high risk of eye injuries from splinters or damaged chain saws if the trees arc cut by some unwitting person in the future. This is as real a danger in urban areas where tree surgeons may eventually have to remove old trees for safety reasons as it is in a forest where the trees will be harvested for timber.

Keep a register of your nest box birds

If you have many nest boxes, it can be good fun to keep a record of visitors, in which case it helps to number the boxes. I have used black plastic numbers from old car registration plates. Fasten the numbers to the boxes using copper or aluminium tacks which will not rust. The box numbers can thus be seen from a long distance a great advantage. Numbering of nest boxes is absolutely essential, if one wishes to carry-out studies of birds using the boxes the risk of confusion is then minimized. It is also an idea to make a map of the area with the nest box positions marked by their numbers. However, a pair of binoculars should be used if you wish to make a reasonably intensive study of your bird guests. Some bird books claim that the breeding process can be observed by looking into the nest box. but I think this entirely wrong as it encourages people who are not sufficiently acquainted with the ways of birds to open up nests and look inside, which may result in the nest being abandoned....

Nest boxes for wild ducks mergansers and owls

Setting up nest boxes will help owls. The occasions when you are most likely to hear an owl hooting will be on starlit evenings or nights in February March. If you go out with a map you can mark out the places where you hear any hooting, then you can ask the landowner for permission to set up nest boxes near these areas. Be willing to point out the actual tree on which you intend to place the nest box, in order to prevent any misunderstanding. Use aluminium or copper nails which The best nest boxes are those made from solid blocks, but you may also make a larger nest box from wooden boxes . Four to five holes should be drilled in the bottom of the box in a straight line. From the inside of the box hammer some large 8 to 10 cm long nails through these holes and into a board which is longer than the box. A hole should be drilled into each end of this board so that it can be nailed easily onto the tree, or alternatively a large hole can be drilled into the board whereby the nest box can...

Block nest boxes made from old woodpecker nest cavities

Nest boxes made from hollowed out sections of tree trunks are particular-favourites of marsh and blue tits, but are preferred by all birds because of Nest Box with an automatic catch for Nest Box with an automatic catch for their superior insulating properties. Homes well insulated against cold during winter nights arc especially valuable tor small birds like tits which can otherwise bccorne frozen. Nest hoxes of this type can be made from birch, aspen, alder, pine, spruce, etc. Woodpeckers often drill their nest holes in birch or aspen, and when these trees fall over or arc cut down, you can use these hollowed out sections of the trunks as nest boxes after sawing them into suitable lengths. It should be emphasised however, that trees or branches should never be cut down simply to obtain these old woodpecker nest holes in order to make a natural looking nest box for your own garden. There is no merit in removing such a natural nest site because in so doing you will simply be addingto...

Triangular nest boxes

At one time shops in Sweden used to sell a triangular nest box with 18 cm sides, 16 cm internal depth, and an inner floor with 6 cm sides. On the one hand it was so small and cramped that no birds could manage to stay in it, and on the other hand the entrance hole was so high up that it was too narrow. There was an imminent risk of birds bceoming stuck in it. These nest boxes are still set up in many recreational areas. Some books recommend making one's own triangular boxes and sawing away the the top triangular portion of the front side instead of drilling an entrance hole. In such a case one has to be careful to saw off sufficient for the hole not to be too narrow. Considering some of the extraordinary nest sites chosen by birds each year there is no good reason why the boxes should not be whatever shape you chose so long as they are large enough, weatherproof, and have a suitable entrance hole and are placed in a secure position. 1 have field tested triangular nest boxes for around...

Which birds breed in nest boxes

It is mainly the birds which nest in holes and cavities w hich breed in nest boxes.This also happens to be one of the groups of birds under heaviest pressure from the removal of natural nest sites through habitat alteration by man. One normally thinks of nest-box dwellers as being small birds, but there is a range of larger birds which can manage to breed in boxes, such as the goosander, goldeneye, mallard, mandarin duck, tawny owl, bam owl, Tcngmalm's owl, little owl, pygmy owl, kestrel, jackdaw, stock dove, great spotted woodpccker, black woodpecker, and wryneck. The small birds which most commonly breed in nest boxes arc the pied flycatcher, starling, great tit, blue tit, marsh tit, coal tit, nuthatch, house and tree sparrows, all of which use conventional tit type boxes with round entrance holes in the front while spotted flycatcher, redstart, robin, and pied wagtail (white wagtail on the Continent) will use open fronted boxes. Further south on the Continent the black redstart...

Making your own nest boxes

A good nest box should be warm and compact and should prolcel the bird during poor weather conditions. It should be made to the right dimensions, which are given on pages 206 9. Planks arc one ot the best and commonest materials. In spite of all the commercially available products, home made nest boxes are (he best, provided the dimensions are appropriate for the intended species. All descriptions of nest boxes say that the wood for the side panels must be sawn obliquely so that the roofs are sloping and water runs off rather than collccting and either rotting the wood or worse still wetting the nest inside. This of course is entirely true, but constructing such boxes is not so easy as one might imagine, and think that instead the wood should be sawn straight and the nest box plaecd on a trunk which is leaning slightly forwards. This produces the same results and makes the construction of nest boxes easier for those who are not so handy. One should always work towards making ehcap,...

Beware poor quality nest boxes

Shops unfortunately sell a whole range of boxes which are entirely unsuited as living places for birds or which could have potentially fatal consequences. Most nest boxes are factory produced, which means that as many as possible must be produced in the shortest time, to make them as cheap as possible. It is also unfortunate that a lot of people who know next to nothing about nest boxes are starting to make such boxes from waste timber which would otherwise have been thrown away. The best nest boxes arc those made from hollowed out sections of tree trunks, the so-called block nest boxes, the most common of which are made from birch. Such boxes are often fixed to trees via a lath which is nailed onto the box. It is important not to have nails projecting into the interior of the nest box. Also, nest boxes may sometimes be too narrow or the entrance hole too small, so be sure to carefully check these dimensions on any nest box you buy.The internal depth should be 18-19 cm, the inner...

Block nest boxes from fresh trunks

You can also use fresh tree trunks, dividing them into four sections longitudinally (see diagram), though this is much more laborious than using ready made woodpecker homes. Older broadleaved trees with rotted interiors are easier to hollow out, saw up, and make good nest boxes from. A strip of wood, which should be longer than the eventual nest box, is fastened onto one of the four sections 3 -4 holes are drilled through the section and nails hammered through the holes into the lath. Using a strong pair of pincers, the nails are bent on theouiside. An entrance hole-is then drilled as follows 3.1 cm for pied flycatcher, marsh tit, blue tit, crested tit, and coal tit 3.5 cm for great tit, house sparrow, and tree sparrow 5 cm for starling, nuthatch, wryneck, and swift. The roof should be of hardwood. The various parts of the nest box arc fastened together with small nails at both ends of the hollowed out block. You can also tlx steel wire around the nest box by means of staples above...

Clean nest boxes

The nest boxes should be constructed so that they can be cleaned properly. They should be cleaned immediately after breeding or at the latest in -September or October, and rubber gloves should be worn as some bird-parasiti ing insects will bite humans, causing red marks and itching. Burning the old nests taken out of the boxes will get rid of these ever-present vermin and their eggs. To winter-proof the nest boxes one can line them with cotton, dry st raw, or wood shavings several weeks after washing, when the boxes are fully aired. This lining should be removed at the beginning of March and will probably contain a smaller amount of vermin, together with excrement from birds which have used the nest box during autumn and winter. Winter accommodation is not necessary, but it certainly has distinct advantages during severe winters. The chill of winter reaps many victims in spite of extensive winter feeding. Therefore you should combine winter feeding of protein-rich foods with the...

TrivseBo nest boxes

Flycatcher Nest Box Plans

Seven different varieties of this nest box arc sold for tits and pied flycatchcrs starlings tree creepers spotted flycatchers and wagtails Triangular Nest Box 'All-Year1 Nest Box with removable front 'All-Year1 Nest Box with removable front Triangular Nest Box The nest box's front side, rear side and floor arc made from soft wood, and the two sides and roof from hardwood. It should be possible to let the floor down so that the box can be cleaned easily. The roof of this nest box is superbly constructed. It juts out sufficiently on either side of the entrance hole to prevent magpies and jays from inserting their beaks and plundering the nest. The floor is held in place with a large galvanized nail. Dampness normally causes the floor to expand and become jammed, but the use of this nail instead will make it easy to let down the floor and clcan the nest box after the young have flown. The pied flycatcher model or'tit nest box'measures 26 * 12.5 cm with an entrance hole 3.5 cm in diameter...

Alcdal s nest boxes

The roof is fitted with roofing felt. A 5 cm thick piece of wood is taken from the core left over from the hollowing out process this is nailed to the bottom of the nest box to give extra insulation. The outside of the floor is provided with two staples. A very thick, angled steel filament is threaded through a hole in the floor and bent so that it sits tightly against the floor. This removable floor makes the nest box easy to clean. The back of the box has a strong, coated metal fixture from which it can be hung on a corresponding iron fixture fastened onto the tree. The metal in the tree is quite thick, which ensures that it moves outwards as the tree grows. A thinner piece of metal could easily become encapsulated within the trunk with the possibility of it causing serious damage during subsequent felling and cutting operations. This nest box comcs in models for small birds, starlings, and owls wild ducks. The nuthatch is particularly keen on the starling model, which has an...

Cleaning nest boxes

The cleaning of nest boxes is something which unfortunately is very often neglected. About 90 of all boxes set up cannot be cleaned and after a few years arc full of nesting material and unfit for habitation. Eventually a colony of bumble bees may come and set up home in the box. making great use of the nesting material. If you wish, youcan construct your box so that it can be cleaned from the ground using a pole this should be carried out in both autumn and spring. An ingenious solution to this problem designed by Arvid Wallin is shown on page 15. The bottom folds downwards and is kept firmly in place by a piece of bent fencing wire. The nest can be cleaned using a pole littcd with a bent nail. Even thcsctting up is clever. A nail about 3 cm in length is hammered into the tree at an angle of 45 degrees and the nest box is hung from this nail by a hole drilled into its back surface. Another nail is then hammered in below the nest, and a tight-fitting plate is included which causes the...

Nest building date begun and finished 195665

In 1968 a small bat was found in an 'All-year' nest box for pied flycatchers. It left the box at 9pm one evening, and at 3am the next morning a flycatcher frantically started to build a nest, which it had completed by 10 pm the following evening. The batdid not return for30 hours. The female flycatcher had been trying to build her nest for a long time before this, but presumably had been put off by the bat's presence or its copious cxcremcnt. These droppings have a strong smell of musk, but I do not think this was particularly significant bccausc of the bird's poor sense of smell. The bat, in the meantime, stayed in the very uppermost part of the box. The flycatcher finished her nest and even laid one egg. but she subsequently abandoned everything. Good neighbourliness was clearly not in e idence here. The flycatcher pair moved to another nest box in the vicinity and bred normally.

The end of the breeding period

The young start to leave the nest box on average alter 19 days, and then the forest becomes a very lively place. The young birds fly rather badly and flutter about from tree to tree enthusiastically making a sirp-sirp-sirp' like call. The parents producc a similar sort of call and this serves to keep the young in contact with the parents. For the first few days the young are relatively immobile and cannot follow their parents. Their anxious cries reveal their whereabouts not only to the parents, but also to enterprising predators such as crows, which often take young during this short but vulnerable time. Once the young have left the nest they do not return.

The pied flycatchers faithfulness to his home territory

Some of the literature on birds maintains that pied flycatcher pairs return year after year to the same nest box, but I think one should view such statements with a good deal of scepticism. Research shows that around 40 of all migrating pied flycatchers survive and return. Of these, adult males show the strongest urge to return to their home territory, but only half as many adult females return to the previous year's territory. Only a few one year olds return to the territory in which they were reared. From the few birds which I have ringed, 16 adult females in 1974, 11 in 1975, and 16 in 1976. the return rates were as follows 3 (19 ) from 1974 returned in 1975,3 (27 ) from 1975 returned in 1976, and 2 (I29 ) from 1976 returned in 1977 None of these birds bred in the same nest box as in previous years.

German or Swedish pied flycatchers

During 1976 I found one pair occupying a nest box with the identical colour of grey-brown and white. Normally in Scandinavia and Western Europe the male is black and white and the female grey-brown and white. During all those years, I had only encountered black and white males. In central Europe including West Germany, a high proportion of males are grey-brown and white, and in Skane (southern Sweden) there are approximately equal numbers of each colour-type of male, so clearly this bird was an incomer well away from its normal breeding area. A cold period had occurred in the last week of May that year interrupting the egg laying of the pied flycatchers. As soon as the average temperature rose above 10 C again, egg laying resumed. But the odd coupic had by this time already hatched out their young, six in all, all of which successfully left the nest. This pair must have come from a more southerly area to have commenced breeding so early. The female was tinged, and on a...

Winter losses amongst tits

The death rate amongst tits is very high in cold weather. As many as 80-90 of tits normally die in their first year of life, even in mild winter climates. The loss rate for mature birds is only 20 30 . It is important that loss of warmth during cold winter nights is minimised. More and more people are feeding protein-rich food to winter birds, which is an excellent thing to do. However, tits often like to spend winter nights in nest boxes, so boxes with good insulating properties should be set up in the vicinity of the feeding places. This helps the birds to use the short winter days more effectively, and avoids them having to squander energy on long flights or to waste precious food searching time. The temperature in nest boxes can fluctuate a great deal, but good protection is afforded against wind, snow, and rain, A cotton wad can be laid inside the nest box, but this should be removed and thrown away in good time for the breeding season as the tits will also use the nest box as a...

Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca

Flycatcher Nest Box Plans

Pied flycatchers will readily use nest boxes. They will even breed in new nest boxes provided these are up when the birds return in the spring. In areas within its breeding range the pied flycatcher is a species which can be encouraged almost more than any other by the provision of nest boxes. It is a nest box user of the first degree. Because of the reduction in the area of natural woodland containing old trees with plenty of holes and cavitics, the pied flycatcher now breeds almost exclusively in nest boxes in Sweden. One can easily identify the male from his black and white plumage, while the female is grey-brown both have very energetic wing movements. They have no objection whatever to nest boxes in areas inhabited by people and arc one of the most reward ingspccics for which one can set up nest boxes. The ideal box dimensions for pied flycatchers are 19 * 12 * 12 cm, with 3.2 cm diameter entrance hole. The distance from the lower edge of the entrance hole to the floor should be...

Pairformation

Polygamy occurs frequently amongst pied flycatchers. I observed this in 1964 and within the area studied there was an excess of females and polygamy occurred in three nest boxes (in recent years there has been a dcficit of females). At one nest box, for example, a male sat and sang, eventually enticing a female to the territory. When the female began to build a nest, the male flew about 8 10 m away, sang from another nest box and thus attracted a new female. When the second female was building her nest and laying eggs, the first was hatching out her eggs, at which time the male returned and helped out with feeding the young. The female in the second box had to feed her young alone, but she did so successfully, producing five young, compared with the six of the first female.

Incubation

Incubation begins as soon as the full complement of eggs is laid. The brooding instinct is not as strong in young females who have only just reached sexual maturity as it is in older females. Sometimes a person merely passing by the nest box is enough to cause the female to abandon the nest. Even the warning sounds made by other birds when one passes near ihcir nests in woodland can often cause a young female in an area quite a distance away to leave her nest. Brooding is normally a solitary and intensive occupation for the female, which is reluctant to leave the eggs. With most females, one needs to be very careful when taking down the boxes to make observations (including lifting up the bird to ring it, which in Britain may only be done by ringers licensed by the Nature Conservancy Council), otherwise the eggs will be abandoned. day when the nest box is warm the female may leave the eggs for long periods, but brooding will be more intensive when it is cold. The eggs hatch after an...

Growth of the young

At hatching, the young flycatchers arc very helpless, with large heads, shapeless bodies, poorly developed legs and wings, and closed eyes. Their bodies are reddish and entirely naked and there are only a few tufts of down on the head. The only sound they can manage is a feeble chirping. Withoutthe warmth of the nest they would quickly die, and for the first few days all they can do is raise their heads, open their beaks, and chirp hungrily. In the darkness of the nest box's interior, the parents arc guided by the yellow edging on the young birds' beaks, and the reddish yellow spots inside the mouths of the young trigger off the parents' feeding instinct. The young also normally swing their heads back and forth, and if any of them are in a poor condition and cannot manage this action, they will receive no food and will die rapidly. The young in the nest do nothing but eat and sleep. They arc quiet while their parents are away, but upon their return they chirp and gape vigorously. The...

Editors Preface

The very first nest box I put up, as a schoolboy, in a Norfolk wood 20 years ago, was used by a pair of marsh tits which successfully reared seven young. The serial numbers of the rings I put on them before they flew, HJ 56955 61 form a permanent record of that happy event in my ringing log, and somewhere in the archives of the British Trust for Ornithology at Tring Lies the nest record card, charting the progress of that particular nest. The whole proccss would have met with the thorough approval of Lennart Bolund whose book this is. My own early efforts at making nest boxes were hardly Chippendale quality, but they were successful in as much as they passed the critical examination of that pair of marsh tits, which decided to use the box for the most important event in their short lives, the reproduction of their species. Lcnnart Bolund's guide explains how to provide for almost all the nest box using species and gives practical advice on how to help several more besides. For one of...

Where do you live

Do you live in the vicinity of meadow land, forests or a lake The area in which you live will determine which birds you can attract to your nest boxes. Near a lake or the sea, wild ducks may come to the boxes while if near a wood, owls may come to breed. In the vicinity of enclosed pasture with groves of deciduous trees, the beautiful blue stock dove or jackdaws may use your owl nest boxes. In Scandinavia if you are plagued with ants in your garden you should entice a wryneck, which is a species of woodpecker, to use your nest box. The wryneck is extremely fond of ant eggs and has a special knack for finding them. Are you afraid that the birds may cat up your cherries or other fruit Starlings eat few cherries. The young starlings will have already left the nest before midsummer, at which time they will accompany their parents for a while. The starlings from your nest boxes will not eat many of your berries, but wandering starlings will. Thrushes are the main consumers of berries but...

Territory

Any strange bird, pied flycatcher or otherwise, which enters the territory is driven away. Fights between the males can sometimes be very tierce, and on two occasions I have found dead males in breeding areas. In one case in 1964. a male pied flycatcher came and drove away a blue tit u hich was already occupying a nest box in which it had laid an egg. The flycatchcr in its turn energetically defended his new nest box, which was evidently a very sought-after residence. During one of his battles with another pied flycatcher, he was driven back into the box seriously wounded and died there. The following notes were made about birds driven from their nest boxes by pied flycatchers between 1956 and 1977 In 1957 a crested tit was driven away after it had been sitting on its five eggs for a week. A female pied flycatcher built its nest on top of these eggs, laid its own eggs, and reared its brood of young. In 1963 and 1964, one pied flycatcher was driven away by another when it had just...

Origins of the nest

Small birds generally return very quickly to the nest when they have been disturbed during incubation, but if a brooding tit is lifted from the nest, ringed, and replaced, she will more often than not fly from the nest and perhaps never return. In other eases she will be extremely wary and only make her way back into the nest box when there are no humans in sight. The only exceptions to this are certain blue tits. All other tits arc nervous and easily disturbed during nest building and egg laying. One should keep this in mind and avoid visiting their nests during these periods.

Behavior And Reproduction

Barn owls seem to be declining in numbers in the United States, Britain, and Canada. The likely reason for these declines is the loss of farmland, which makes very good habitat for barn owls. Barns and silos provide nest sites, and the owls can hunt for rodents in nearby fields. In the last few decades, however, many farms have been converted to housing developments or industrial parks. To help owl populations, conservationists are putting up nest boxes for owls in some areas. The boxes look like jumbo birdhouses. One reason to help owls is that they provide free pest control. One study by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection reports a barn owl family will eat more than 1,000 rats and mice in one nesting season.

Swallows Family Hirundinidae

Tree Swallows Wire Images

Adult Male steely blue, tinged green, above white below. Female slightly duller than male. Juvenile Dusky gray-brown back and dusky smudge across breast. Tree Swallows have distinctly notched tail glide in circles, ending glide with quick flaps and a short climb, voice Rich chcet or chi-veet a liquid twitter, weet, trit, weet, etc. similar species May be confused with Violet-green Swallow (white or light brown above eye, more obvious white patches on sides of rump), Northern Rough-winged Swallow (dingy throat, different flight style), or Bank Swallow (bolder dark breast-band than juvenile Tree, smaller overall, browner above). All species also have different calls, habitat Open country near water, marshes, meadows, streams, lakes, wires. Fall premigratory flocks roost in reeds. Nests in holes in trees, birdhouses.

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow buntings are for the most part monogamous birds, but sometimes males or females will have two mates. Nesting occurs from late May through July. Nests are made with dried grassy plants, lichens, and grasses, and look like a large, thick-walled bulky cup. They are constructed on the ground, frequently in rock crevices. Sometimes they build nests in birdhouses and other artificial structures. Females lay between three to nine eggs, but usually from four to seven. The incubation period is from ten to fifteen days, and the fledgling period is from ten to seventeen days after hatching. Both in the breeding pair feed and take care of young.

Purple martin

Breeds in colonies in special, apartment-style nest-boxes with individual compartments, or in a dead, hollow tree. It may be non-colonial at natural nesting sites. Typically A familiar and popular bird to many people. An occupied apartment nest-box is highly prized, because of the lively nature of the martins and the fact that they eat such large numbers of irritating insects, such as mosquitoes.

Eastern bluebird

Nests in tree hole or hollow branch, increasingly in artificial nest boxes nest constructed of grass, weeds, pine needles, and twigs by the female three to seven eggs incubation 12-14 days chicks fledge after 15-19 days two or three broods. Not threatened. Decreased by up to 90 in twentieth century after competition for nest holes from introduced house sparrows and starlings increased locally after nest box provision became popular.

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